By the age of five

Your child should be able to:

  • Understand opposites such as high and low, wet and dry, big and little
  • Use sentences of about six words with correct grammar
  • Talk about events that are happening, have happened or might happen
  • Explain why something happens eg “Mum’s car stopped because the petrol ran out”
  • Explain the function of objects eg “This scrunchie keeps my hair up”
  • Follow three directions eg "stand up, get your shoes and wait by the door"
  • Say how they feel and tell you their ideas
  • Become interested in writing, numbers and reading
  • Speak clearly enough to be understood by anyone


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